A sports physical, also known as a pre-participation physical examination (PPE), is a medical exam that is performed to assess an individual’s overall health and fitness level before participating in a sports activity.
The sports physical is designed to evaluate an individual’s physical health and assess any potential risks for injury or illness during physical activity. It includes a medical history review, physical examination, and discussion of any pre-existing medical conditions that may affect the individual’s ability to participate in sports safely.
The medical history review includes questions about the individual’s personal and family medical history, allergies, previous injuries, and current medications. The physical examination typically includes measurements of height, weight, blood pressure, and pulse, as well as an assessment of the individual’s vision, hearing, and neurological function.
The physician may also evaluate the individual’s cardiovascular and respiratory systems, as well as their musculoskeletal system, to assess any potential risks for injury or illness during physical activity.
The sports physical is important to ensure the safety of the individual and to identify any underlying medical conditions that may need to be addressed before participating in sports. Many schools and sports organizations require a sports physical before allowing an individual to participate in organized sports activities.